What to do About Wood Windows?

The City of Independence Oregon - Official Website

One of the toughest questions to deal with when restoring a historic home is how to deal with the original wood windows.  The wood is frequently rotted, the glass is single pane, and they are a big part of why historic homes have that drafty, hard-to-heat reputation.  Wood windows are also one of the key character-defining pieces of a historic home and shouldn't simply be removed and replaced with vinyl without serious consideration.  Below are several articles and resources describing the background of wood windows, how they were designed to operate, and some effective ways to retain your home's original wood windows while enhancing their visual and insulating characteristics.