Examining Wastewater: Gaining Insight into Clean Water

Wastewater is a common byproduct of any community, regardless of its size. It involves used water that contains a wide variety of materials including  food scraps, oils, soaps, and chemicals. From everyday activities, such as washing clothes and dishes, to flushing toilets and taking a bath, all generate used water. Industries and businesses also generate significant quantities of wastewater that require cleaning.

Although some people may confuse it with sewage treatment, nature inherently has the ability to purify small quantities of wastewater and sewage produced from daily living. Treatment plants, however, are designed to reduce wastewater to an environmentally safe level. This is essential because materials that are washed away from roads, parking lots, and rooftops can contaminate water bodies. Clean water is important not only for the environment but also for other reasons, such as:

The Importance of Wastewater Treatment

Wastewater treatment is essential to ensure that any suspended solids are removed before returning to the water source, also known as effluent. Failure to do so can have a significant impact on the environment and human health. Therefore, it is critical to ensure proper wastewater treatment to prevent any adverse effects on the environment and human health.

Wastewater Master Plan
  • Decaying organic matter can cause a decrease in oxygen levels in a lake or water source, making it impossible for fish and other aquatic life to survive.
  • Bacteria, viruses, and diseases can pollute beaches, shellfish populations, and drinking water sources.
  • Chlorine compounds can be toxic to aquatic algae and fish.
  • Excessive nutrients like phosphorus and nitrogen can be toxic to aquatic organisms, and cause a variety of issues such as excessive plant growth, reduced oxygen levels, harm to spawn grounds, and habitat alterations.
  • Metals like mercury, lead, cadmium, chromium and arsenic can have negative effects on various species, ranging from minor to severe toxicity.
  • Other substances, like pharmaceutical and personal care products, entering the environment through wastewater effluents may pose a threat to human health, aquatic, and wildlife.

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The Mechanics Behind Wastewater Lagoons

Wastewater treatment can be completed through natural and biochemical processes in a specially designed earthen pond called a wastewater treatment lagoon. This method is especially popular in rural areas due to its low maintenance and high energy efficiency, making it an affordable and eco-friendly alternative to other wastewater treatment options. For more information, check out the video!