Wastewater is a common byproduct of any community, regardless of its size. It involves used water that contains a wide variety of materials including food scraps, oils, soaps, and chemicals. From everyday activities, such as washing clothes and dishes, to flushing toilets and taking a bath, all generate used water. Industries and businesses also generate significant quantities of wastewater that require cleaning.
Although some people may confuse it with sewage treatment, nature inherently has the ability to purify small quantities of wastewater and sewage produced from daily living. Treatment plants, however, are designed to reduce wastewater to an environmentally safe level. This is essential because materials that are washed away from roads, parking lots, and rooftops can contaminate water bodies. Clean water is important not only for the environment but also for other reasons, such as: